Highway and Pavement Engineering

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Major Topics

Introduction to Highway Engineering
  • Importance of Transportation, An Overview of Transportation History in Developed Countries
  • Concept of Transportation System, Transportation Demand, Transportation Supply and Their Interactions, Factors Affect the Transportation System
  • Steps or Processes in Highway Project Development
  • Characteristics and Interactions of Driver, Vehicle, and Road and Effects on Highway Design
  • Driver Characteristics Affect the Highway Design, Concept of Driver’s Perception-Reaction Process, Vehicle Characteristics Affect the Highway Design (Static, Kinematic, Dynamic)
  • Vehicle Classifications (Based on Types and Numbers of Axles)
  • Concepts and Models for Estimating Air, Grade, Rolling and Curve Resistances
  • Concepts of Braking Distance and Stopping Sight Distance
  • Highway Surveys, Locations, Geometric Design of Highways
  • Principles of Highway Location, Steps or Process in Highway Location
  • Methods of Highway Survey, Factors Affect Highway Design
  • Concepts/Definitions of Highway Functional Classification, Design Hour Volume, Design Speed, Design Vehicle
  • Inspection and Review of Cross-Section Elements of Highway, Design of Vertical and Horizonal Alignments
  • Highway Drainage Design
  • Concepts/Definitions of Surface Drainage System including Transverse Slope, Longitudinal Slope, Longitudinal Channels, Curbs and Gutters
  • Review of Minor Drainage Structures, Importance of Subsurface Drainage
  • Types of Subsurface Drainage including Longitudinal, Transverse and Horizontal Drains and Drainage Blanket
  • Highway Foundation Materials and Soil Engineering
  • Importance of Surface Texture of Sub-grade Materials
  • Basic Engineering Properties of Sub-grade Materials including Porosity, Void Ratio, Moisture Content, Degree of Saturation, Density of Soil, Atterberg Limits
  • Concept of Permeability and Shear Strength, AASHTO Classification of Soils and USCS
  • Optimum Moisture Content, Review of Soil Compaction Equipment
  • Special Soil Tests for Pavement Design; CBR, Hbeem Stabilometer (R-value), Aspects of Sub-grade Design in Cold Region (Frost Action), Sub-grade/Soil Stabilization Techniques (19.2)
  • Asphaltic Materials: Asphalt Cement, Mixture Design and Testing
  • Asphaltic Materials; Sources, Types and Usages
  • Fundamental and Engineering Properties of Asphalt: Viscosity/Consistency, Aging and Temperature Susceptibility, Shear Modulus, Phase Angle, Creep Stiffness
  • Asphalt Curing for Cutback and Emulsified Asphalt
  • Review of Classical Tests of Asphalt; Penetration Test (ASTM D5), Ring-and-Ball Softening Point Test (ASTM D36), Ductility Test (ASTM D113), Density Test (ASTM D3289), Flash Point Test, Water Content Test
  • An Overview of Advanced Tests (SuperpaveTM) for Asphalt; RTFOT, PAV, DSR, BBR, Adhesion Test, Surface Free Energy Test
  • Review of Classical Tests of Aggregate Physical Properties; Percentage of Fractured Particles (ASTM D5821), Soundness of Aggregates (ASTM C88), Resistance to Degradation (ASTM C131), Flat and Elongated Particles (ASTM D4791),
  • Asphalt Mixture; Definitions of Hot-Mix Hot Laid, Hot-Mix Cold Laid, Cold Mix Cold Laid Mixtures, Concept of Aggregate Structure Design/Aggregate Gradation
  • Review of Marshal Mix Design Method, Asphalt Mixture Volumetrics; Bulk Specific Gravity, Apparent Specific Gravity, Effective Specific Gravity, Maximum Theoretical Specific Gravity, Effective Asphalt Content, VMA, Va, VFA
  • Various Seal Coating; Fog Seal, Slurry Seal, Chip Seal, Prime Coat, Tack Coat, Surface Treatments
  • An Overview of Superpave Asphalt System; Asphalt Performance Grading (PG), Superpave Aggregate Testing- Consensus and Source Standards, Volumetric Mixture Design, Design of Aggregate Structure
  • Designs of Flexible and Rigid Pavements
  • Inspection of Structural Components of Flexible Pavement
  • Factors Affect Pavement Design; Pavement Performance, Traffic, Roadbed Soils, Materials, Environment, Design, Reliability
  • Design of Flexible Pavement using AASHTO Design Method; An Overview of Mechanistic-Empirical Deign Method
  • Rigid Pavement; Materials, Types of Rigid Pavement, Pumping and Stress in Rigid Pavement
  • An Overview of Rigid Pavement Design using AASTHO Method
  • Highway Asset Management
  • Definition of Asset Management, Highway Maintenance and Rehabilitation, Approaches to Highway and Pavement Management, Levels of Management
  • Importance of Highway and Pavement Performance Data, Methods of Collecting Pavement Condition Data (Pavement Roughness, Pavement Distress, PCI, Pavement Structural Condition, Skid Resistance, ITS in Pavement Condition Monitoring
  • Models for Pavement Condition Prediction; Deterministic – Family Based and Multiple Regression
  • Different Rehabilitation Techniques and Strategies
  • Highway Safety
  • Importance of Highway Safety, Crashes or Accidents, Factors Causes Highway Crashes, Processes of Highway Safety Management
  • Definitions; Crash, Crash Frequency, Crash Rate, Performance Measure, SPF, Prediction Method, Expected Crash Frequency, Crash Severity, EPDO, Crash Evaluation, Countermeasure, Regression to the Mean
  • Review of Crash Type Related to Highway Design and Associated Contributing Factors (Table 5.6)
  • Crash Rates Problems (5.6, 5.7)
  • Review of Safety Effectiveness of Commonly Used Highway Design Features; Access Control, Alignment, Land Width, Median, Shoulder, Passing Lane, Climbing Lane, Rumble Strip, Intersection Sight Distance
  • Safety Effects of Traffic Calming Strategies; Speed Hump, Speed Table, Raised Crosswalk, Raised Intersection, Textured Pavement, Neighborhood Traffic Circle, Roundabout, Chicane, Neckdown, Center-island Narrowing, Choker
  • Highway Capacity and Level of Service Analysis
  • Definition and Terminologies; Freeways, Free-Flow Speed, Level of Service of Freeway Segments; Estimation of Highway Capacity for a Basic Freeway Section
  • Operational Analysis Procedure for Estimating Speed, Density to Determine LOS
  • Introduction to Traffic Engineering and Transportation Planning
  • An Overview of Traffic Flow Theories, Signal Designs, Intersection Designs and Transportation Four-Steps Planning Model
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