Courses

Highway and Pavement Engineering

Course ID: Engi 7745, Offered in Spring, Enrollments: 60, Class hours: 3hr/wk

Major Topics

Introduction to Highway Engineering

  • Importance of Transportation, An Overview of Transportation History in Developed Countries
  • Concept of Transportation System, Transportation Demand, Transportation Supply and Their Interactions, Factors Affect the Transportation System
  • Steps or Processes in Highway Project Development

Highway Surveys, Locations, Geometric Design of Highways

  • Principles of Highway Location, Steps or Process in Highway Location
  • Methods of Highway Survey, Factors Affect Highway Design
  • Concepts/Definitions of Highway Functional Classification, Design Hour Volume, Design Speed, Design Vehicle
  • Inspection and Review of Cross-Section Elements of Highway, Design of Vertical and Horizonal Alignments

Highway Drainage Design

  • Concepts/Definitions of Surface Drainage System including Transverse Slope, Longitudinal Slope, Longitudinal Channels, Curbs and Gutters
  • Review of Minor Drainage Structures, Importance of Subsurface Drainage
  • Types of Subsurface Drainage including Longitudinal, Transverse and Horizontal Drains and Drainage Blanket

Highway Foundation Materials and Engineering

  • Importance of Surface Texture of Sub-grade Materials
  • Basic Engineering Properties of Sub-grade Materials including Porosity, Void Ratio, Moisture Content, Degree of Saturation, Density of Soil, Atterberg Limits
  • Concept of Permeability and Shear Strength, AASHTO Classification of Soils and USCS
  • Optimum Moisture Content, Review of Soil Compaction Equipment
  • Special Soil Tests for Pavement Design; CBR, Hbeem Stabilometer (R-value), Aspects of Sub-grade Design in Cold Region (Frost Action), Sub-grade/Soil Stabilization Techniques (19.2)

Asphaltic Materials: Asphalt Cement, Mixture Design and Testing

  • Asphaltic Materials; Sources, Types and Usages
  • Fundamental and Engineering Properties of Asphalt: Viscosity/Consistency, Aging and Temperature Susceptibility, Shear Modulus, Phase Angle, Creep Stiffness
  • Asphalt Curing for Cutback and Emulsified Asphalt
  • Review of Classical Tests of Asphalt; Penetration Test (ASTM D5), Ring-and-Ball Softening Point Test (ASTM D36), Ductility Test (ASTM D113), Density Test (ASTM D3289), Flash Point Test, Water Content Test
  • An Overview of Advanced Tests (SuperpaveTM) for Asphalt; RTFOT, PAV, DSR, BBR, Adhesion Test, Surface Free Energy Test
  • Review of Classical Tests of Aggregate Physical Properties; Percentage of Fractured Particles (ASTM D5821), Soundness of Aggregates (ASTM C88), Resistance to Degradation (ASTM C131), Flat and Elongated Particles (ASTM D4791),
  • Asphalt Mixture; Definitions of Hot-Mix Hot Laid, Hot-Mix Cold Laid, Cold Mix Cold Laid Mixtures, Concept of Aggregate Structure Design/Aggregate Gradation
  • Review of Marshal Mix Design Method, Asphalt Mixture Volumetrics; Bulk Specific Gravity, Apparent Specific Gravity, Effective Specific Gravity, Maximum Theoretical Specific Gravity, Effective Asphalt Content, VMA, Va, VFA
  • Various Seal Coating; Fog Seal, Slurry Seal, Chip Seal, Prime Coat, Tack Coat, Surface Treatments
  • An Overview of Superpave Asphalt System; Asphalt Performance Grading (PG), Superpave Aggregate Testing- Consensus and Source Standards, Volumetric Mixture Design, Design of Aggregate Structure

Designs of Flexible and Rigid Pavements

  • Inspection of Structural Components of Flexible Pavement
  • Factors Affect Pavement Design; Pavement Performance, Traffic, Roadbed Soils, Materials, Environment, Design, Reliability
  • Design of Flexible Pavement using AASHTO Design Method; An Overview of Mechanistic-Empirical Deign Guide (MEPDG) Method
  • Rigid Pavement; Materials, Types of Rigid Pavement, Pumping and Stress in Rigid Pavement
  • An Overview of Rigid Pavement Design using AASTHO Method

Highway Asset Management

  • Definition of Asset Management, Highway Maintenance and Rehabilitation, Approaches to Highway and Pavement Management, Levels of Management
  • Importance of Highway and Pavement Performance Data, Methods of Collecting Pavement Condition Data (Pavement Roughness, Pavement Distress, PCI, Pavement Structural Condition, Skid Resistance, ITS in Pavement Condition Monitoring
  • Models for Pavement Condition Prediction; Deterministic – Family Based and Multiple Regression
  • Different Rehabilitation Techniques and Strategies

Highway Safety

  • Importance of Highway Safety, Crashes or Accidents, Factors Causes Highway Crashes, Processes of Highway Safety Management
  • Definitions; Crash, Crash Frequency, Crash Rate, Performance Measure, SPF, Prediction Method, Expected Crash Frequency, Crash Severity, EPDO, Crash Evaluation, Countermeasure, Regression to the Mean
  • Review of Crash Type Related to Highway Design and Associated Contributing Factors
  • Review of Safety Effectiveness of Commonly Used Highway Design Features; Access Control, Alignment, Land Width, Median, Shoulder, Passing Lane, Climbing Lane, Rumble Strip, Intersection Sight Distance
  • Safety Effects of Traffic Calming Strategies; Speed Hump, Speed Table, Raised Crosswalk, Raised Intersection, Textured Pavement, Neighborhood Traffic Circle, Roundabout, Chicane, Neckdown, Center-island Narrowing, Choker

Highway Capacity and Level of Service Analysis

  • Definition and Terminologies; Freeways, Free-Flow Speed, Level of Service of Freeway Segments; Estimation of Highway Capacity for a Basic Freeway Section
  • Operational Analysis Procedure for Estimating Speed, Density to Determine LOS

Introduction to Traffic Engineering and Transportation Planning

  • An Overview of Traffic Flow Theories, Signal Designs, Intersection Designs and Transportation Four-Steps Planning Model